Metacoceras is a genus of cephalopod found in the Upper Carboniferous until it’s extinction in the Permian. First described by Hyatt in 1883, the genus includes several distinct species that have been found in North America, Europe and Asia.

Metacoceras Specimens

CG-0004Metacoceras I
CG-0005Metacoceras II
CG-0021Metacoceras III
CG-0034Metacoceras IV
CG-0037Metacoceras V
CG-0042Metacoceras VI
CG-0065
CG-0071A Complete Metacoceras
CG-0075Metacoceras Group
CG-0076
CG-0077
CG-0078
CG-0079
CG-0080
CG-0092Metacoceras Specimen

Metacoceras Temporal Range

Map of Pangaea during the P-T Extinction Event by Wikipedia user LucasVB
Pangaea at the time of the P-T Extinction Event
– Wikipedia user LucasVB

The genus is found from around the mid Pennsylvanian Carboniferous through nearly the entirety of the Permian. The Permian / Triassic (P-T) mass extinction event wiped it and 96 percent of all marine species from planet Earth. Pangaea was present in a very solid form. Parks Township, if laid upon this map would be nearly in between the shorelines of the Panthalassic Ocean, the name for the super-ocean that surrounded Pangaea. Local specimens collected here were long expired and locked in limestone. The genus persisted in the seas until the extinction event.

While it is mostly known why marine creatures died during this event, it’s still up for debate. One Theory is too much CO2 in the air was a large factor, as it is 28 more times soluble in water in water than is oxygen. The CO2 can disrupt basic life functions and make ocean waters more acidic.

The temporal range of the genus Metacoceras, 314.6 to 252.3 million years ago.

References