I started my research thinking this fossil was Mahoningoceras Murphy 1974, then later thought it was smashed, had straight flank sutures, and was a Millkoninckioceras Kummel 1963. I reversed this decision again after comparing it to Millkoninckioceras and refocused on Mahoningoceras. Yet, I received a photo of the holotype from
The gastropod Bellerophon nodocarinatus (=Euphemites nodocarinatus) was named by Hall in 1858 in a geological report of Iowa. The name means knotty/lumpy kneels (or carina), characterized by the dual lumpy ridges visible from the anterior margin across the shell. Members of Euphemites have spiral lirae that appear in the aperture and extend toward the
The Vestigastropoda is a subclass of gastropods that live only in marine environments and have a nacreous layer. The group includes members of the superfamily Pleurotomarioidea, known for shells featuring a selenizone. The selenizone is a slit feature on shells that the living creature uses to aim its exhalant current.
The brachiopod Isogramma Meek and Worthen (1870) is challenging to identify when found by inexperienced collectors. These fossils appear as a half circle of sharp, equal-spaced concentric growth lines. All specimens appear flattened, making them difficult to identify as dimensional brachiopod shells. The shells are concavo-convex in life, but due
In doing broader research on three species of Strobeus that occur within the Glenshaw Formation in Western Pennsylvania, I have discovered many excellent plates by former authors. These plates are miniature works of art, capturing details of these fossil gastropods that may not be available in photographs. The art can
Timothy Conrad’s description of the Paleozoic gastropod Turbo insectus in 1835 was an open and shut case. In his historic, single sentence description, he described and figured a new species of the genus Turbo. His was the first report of North American marine fossils of the Pennsylvanian age. Unfortunately, this